A few more updates on the project with the selection of a servo and battery.
I decided to actually measured the torque required to actuate the flap. I did my measurement out of the water and therefore I only measured the resistance of the linkage and the resistance of the rubber "spring" that mates the foil flap to the mainfoil. I did the measurement using a pull scale attached to the wand 6 inches from the pivot point of the wand. I found the required torque to be ~32 oz. at 6 inches -- or 192 in-oz's. Converting this to kg-cm which is how servos are spec'd, we are looking at 13.8 kg-cm for the linkage and rubber "spring" resistance. Note: I did this experiment without the paracord attached as it will not be necessary once the servo and linkage is installed.
As discussed earlier, determining the amount of force imparted by water rushing past the flap is a complex fluid dynamics problem however there are several great calculators for RC aircraft servos online. I used the one at the link below:
I had to make a few assumptions regarding servo deflection as I have not fully designed the linkage but all results were within a pretty tight range. If we were foiling through air we would need ~0.2 oz-in of torque to operate our flap at 18 knots airspeed. Given that water is ~825 times as dense as air, I will assume we need to multiply by 825 to get 165 oz-in of torque in addition to the 192 oz-in to overcome the rubber spring force. This gives us ~356 oz-in required or 25.6 kg-cm.
Therefore, our total theoretical torque required to actuate the flap will be 25.6 kg-cm.
The other feature we will need is self-locking. Looking at my GPS logs, even on high wind days, I am spending about a third of my time not on the foils. On lighter days, it can be over fifty percent. During this time, the main foil flap is at max lift when the boat is moving forward and the wand is being pushed back. This does add more drag but allows the boat to enter foil-assisted planing modes. But having to provide constant servo torque even when not foiling will likely kill the battery pretty quickly and seems wasteful.
To be on the safe side, I have selected a 32 kg-cm part that has metal gears and is self locking. Some waterproofing will need to be done but there are countless tutorials on how to do this online. This part should have plenty of torque to actuate the foil flap and the self locking feature will save battery juice.
With all parts now chosen, it's time to choose a battery that will meet our needs. As the battery is likely to be the physically largest component of the system, the battery size will drive the enclosure sizing as well. My power budget is below and the result looks ugly!
Servo (Stall Current)
2S LiPo Operating V
The largest 2S RC battery I could find was 8Ah max. There are bigger batteries out there but options are few. The 800 pound gorilla in the room is the servo. While we might be able to get away with a smaller servo, having the torque headroom makes me feel much better especially on a prototype. Not to mention that worm gear, locking servos aren't too common so choices are limited. A linear actuator might also be an option but they typically respond much slower than rotary servos and are heavy and expensive--I will do some research in this area.
The other design difficulty if we try to mimic the current mechanical system, is that even while not trying to foil, we will constantly be using servo torque / battery power just to fight the flap's rubber "spring" to max out flap deflection on the main foil. Soooo.....this leads me back to insisting on a self-locking servo so that we aren't using battery charge to max out flap deflection even when in irons.
If a suitable self-locking servo was not able to be identified another options is to use a GPS to determine boat speed over ground and assume that it is equal to boatspeed through the water. Yes, I know that doesn't take ocean current into account, but I think it's a small price to pay right now to extend battery life. Ocean current could be taken into account at a later date with tide charts built into the firmware as well as heading data from the GPS or IMU. We could also implement a button on the tiller extension that allowed the sailor to activate the foiling system when ready to fly. My worry with a button is placement and wiring / cable harness. Any thoughts here from the peanut gallery?
If we limit current draw to the servo until we are actually trying to foil, an 8Ah standard battery will give us about 90 minutes of foiling time under (close to) worst case power draw. I would still like to see more battery life, but 90 minutes of time actually on the foils is quite a bit. Hopefully, real world testing will tell us that we don't use as much power and can get closer to 2 hours of foiling time--we'll see.
Sampling and Filtering of Ultrasonic Sensor:
While out foiling a few days back it occured to me that simply using the sonar to look at current elevation is not really what we want. We want to know what the "average" elevation is over a ~1m stretch of water. This reduces the effect of wavelets or even small boat wake (big boat wake is a different story). The other thing we need to be cautious of is false readings. When looking at the sonar sensor output, I occasionally see 0.0cm readings. Clearly, these erroneous readings need to be filtered. As a result, I have decided to take 5 samples over a 1m distance (assuming 12 knots of boatspeed). My code then takes the median value. This mid-level vote (MLV) system comes close to the average of the readings and automatically eliminates outliers. MLV systems are often used in redundant aircraft altimeters for this very reason. The code is pretty flexible and if sample size or sample frequency needs to be updated it is not hard.
Last thought of the post: we will probably need some data logging for the prototype phase. Specifically, it will be useful to understand the delay between commanding a deflection on the foil flap and seeing the boat actually pitch up. Understanding control loop delay will really help in tuning PID loops and eventually allow testing of algorithms to deal with more complex and challenging wave terrain. I have put zero thought energy into how to implement the data logger, but it needs to be on the tech roadmap. Thoughts?
Time for another blog installment of the Digital Flight Control System for my UFO. I have been busy at work on the project and making good progress toward a first flight in early 2020! Also attached is an updated block diagram with details on various subjects below:
In my last blog post I mentioned that we needed some sort of data logging to really get into the meat of how well our control and filter algorithms are working. Post processing data after getting off the water will also allow us to see if there is data being generated by sensors that could improve control. For example, I received a suggestion that I take vertical acceleration from the IMU into consideration and use it to derive vertical position. This vertical position would then be fed into a Kalman filter along with the ultrasonic range sensor's vertical position measurements to determine a better estimate for boat altitude. Logging and crunching data after getting off the water would allow us to take these types of ideas into consideration easily. Datalogging would also greatly improve troubleshooting of all types. To this end, I have added an 8GB micro SD card to the design as well as written some simple code to log data to a CSV file for post processing. My current code logs speed (GPS), acceleration (XYZ axes), attitude (XYZ planes), and servo control input. Any other thoughts on datalogger inputs?
PID Loop Tuning:
It has also occurred to me that tuning PID loops while on the water will not be possible with a laptop. As such, I have integrated a wireless, 4-button, key fob (in a waterproof bag), a wireless receiver and an LCD screen. This will allow for wireless adjustment of PID constants and LCD feedback to the user. This setup should allow for easy adjustment while out on the water between foiling runs. The enclosure chosen also has a clear plastic top to make reading the LCD screen possible.
Mounting, Wiring and Power Distribution:
The Arduino board I am using only has so many pin outputs for 3.3V and 5V. While my sensors easily fall within the max current output of the board, I am short on pin space. I also have a 3D model of the enclosure that requires at least one mounting plate made from plastic / metal / fiberglass / FR-4. It occurred to me that rather than mess with mounting plates and a wiring rat's nest, I should just burn a simple PCB to handle mounting and power distribution. This PCB may also contain some custom circuitry--we'll see. The PCB will minimize the wiring mess and be a mounting plate in one shot. Many PCB shops will burn custom sized, one-off boards for ~$150. It's probably a small price to pay for much better reliability and maintainability (not to mention the time saved on creating a mounting plate(s) and hand wiring all of the modules).
Now that I have selected a battery (2S LiFePo, 8000mAh) and all other components, I created a 3D CAD model of how the boards will lay into an enclosure. It appears that a 4x6 inch case will fit everything we need to hold the system (see photo of selected case). This enclosure will mount onto a mounting plate (probably custom fiberglass or carbon fiber) that will bolt on to click bond studs bonded to the spirit. The servo and ultra sonic sensors (both waterproof) will live outside of the case and be mounted to features on the mounting plate. This section of the design is the most open at the moment and will certainly require more CAD work.
That's all for now. Comments are welcome!
With much of the code and working and sensors talking to my Arduino board, it was time for some real world testing this past weekend. I always try to find as much information online regarding sensor characteristics or what has worked for others, but at some point there is no substitute for empirical data.
At the heart of the feedback loop is our ability to measure altitude. We will be measuring altitude with a waterproof sonar sensor similar to those used in automotive bumpers. There is lots of data online about sensing all sorts of items including still / non-turbulent water. There is very little data online however, about the sensor's ability to accurately measure range to turbulent water. Not wanting to take my laptop out on the UFO for a live test, I decided to use my hot tub (jets going full throttle) to simulate very turbulent, moving water like we might see on a rough day on a UFO.
The results were good news / bad news. The good news was that the sensor seemed totally unbothered by the turbulent water (vs. flat water). The bad news is that the sensor's ability to give accurate readings drops off a cliff as the sensor becomes off perpendicular from the turbulent water. Some of this can be solved with filtering and throwing out values that are clearly nonsensical on the high or low side. But reality is that we will need multiple sensors mounted at different roll angles. We will then choose which one to read based on the heel angle of the boat. Luckily, we have a good IMU on board with accel's and gyro's that should help us pick.
I chose three sensors based on a +/-20 degree field of regard for the sensors and a max roll angle of +/-30 degrees for the UFO based on boat dimensions and a 1m ride height. Additionally, if the altitude sensor function in the code does not return a sensical value, I will have the PID loop operate under the assumption that elevation is unchanged or perhaps just max out flap camber. Typically, when heeled to windward, you want all the lift you can get and if you are heeled far to leeward you need to bring the boat back down off the foils and start over anyway.
Last thought, if the multi-sonar sensor approach seems too impractical a radar or laser/optical altimeter could also be used. These sensors are more expensive but tend to have much wider fields of regard. There are a few available with good documentation for Arduino and that operate at K or Ka band. X-band is impractical as GPS carrier signals are in the X-band and we may run into RF co-existence / self-jamming issues (should a GPS ultimately be necessary). As a bonus we could use a doppler radar / lidar to also get boat speed through water.
Thanks for reading!
Another quick update,
A productive weekend ended up with an IMU (BNO055) and a waterproof sonar range sensor (JSN-SR04T) being integrated to my Arduino Mega board. Both are yielding good data and easy to work with. I also am able to write commands successfully to a spare servo I from an RC Tricopter. I am still in the process of selecting the correct servo and identifying the correct attachment point(s) for the servo to flap linkage (please see and comment on servo math below).
Additionally, I now have a PID library running giving servo commands based on the measured elevation. Tuning the loop gains will take some tweaking and I am beginning to realize a few buttons and a display of some sort may be necessary. I am trying to avoid scope creep but tuning control loops will most certainly need to be done on the water and doing so on a laptop will not be possible. More fun to come on UX...
Lastly, it's time to think about packaging and power. The whole system runs on 5V and would be easy to power off of a set of AA or C cells. Eventually a lithium battery would work well and be rechargeable. I may need to add a power distribution board as the Arduino Mega won't provide enough current for the servo I am guessing. We'll see once the servo is selected.
Servo Math Section
Speaking of servos, my thinking here is to calculate how much torque is being imparted by the wand and using that as a minimum value required for servo torque. Being conservative my math is as follows:
Calculate force on paddle:
F = ma from Newton
Paddle will push flap down at minimum boat speed of about 3 knots or 1.55 m/s -- below that boat speed the flap rebound spring overwhelms the paddle drag.
Therefore paddle must accelerate oncoming water from 0 m/s to 1.55 m/s. I am going to assume that this acceleration takes place over the course of 0.2 seconds. I have no scientific basis for this duration of acceleration. In reality this is probably a very complex fluid dynamics problem, but I think 0.2 seconds is a safe and conservative number.
Therefore a = (1.55 m / s) / 0.2s = 7.75 m / s^2
The paddle is around 4 square inches (~2 x 2 inches). (The wand also provides some drag that we will ignore for simplicity -- hopefully this isn't fatal =) Assuming that the amount of water accelerated from 0 knots to 3 knots is 4 square inches and 1 inch deep (yes another assumption), we have a total volume of water decelerated of 4 cubic inches or 65.5 cm^3 or 6.55e-5 m^3.
The density of luke warm seawater is nominally 1027 kg / m^3. Therefore
m = 6.55e-5 m^3 * 1027 kg / m^3 = 0.06726kg
Putting it all together total minimum force on the paddle to push the flap down is: F = ma = 0.06726 kg * (7.75 m / s^2) = 0.52 Newtons
To be clear, this is the minimum force it takes to push the flap down when traveling slowly. As speed increases, it will take more force to actuate the wing as the speed of the water rushing by the wing is faster and will increase resistance to movement. Not to fear however, we can use the same approach to calculate the torque imparted on the wing by the paddle at higher speeds by varying a. At 18 knots (about as fast as my GPS has ever recorded me traveling) and assuming acceleration takes place over 0.2 s, our formula becomes
F = ma = 0.06726 kg * 46.3 m / s^2 = 3.1 Newtons 18 knots = 9.26 m / s ; (9.26 m / s) / (0.2s) = 46.3 m / s^2
Putting it all together to get torque, I assume that we are operating on the end of a 1m arm (our wand length). Therefore our torque values would be between 0.52 N-m and 3.1 N-m.
A few caveats -- I made a lot of assumptions here and tried to be conservative. I also notice that at high foiling speeds (18 knots) the paddle depresses the flap with extreme ease indicating that while it imparts 3.1 N-m, a far smaller value would be sufficient.
The last consideration comes with how to mount the servo and how many meters of moment arm we will use. I am thinking the servo will be mounted close to the fulcrum therefore our moment arm will likely be 0.2 m or similar. Therefore torque will need to increase by a factor of 5 to deal with the fact we only have a fifth the lever arm as the paddle.
With all this math out of the way, I want to say that I am not a fluid dynamics or mechanics expert. I intend to take some empirical measurements next time I'm out foiling to verify my math. Please check my work and shoot holes in it wherever possible.
Ok team, here goes my first blog post. My goal here is to build a Digital Flight Control System (DFCS) for my UFO using a sonar range sensor as opposed to the wand. The design needs to completely mimic the performance of the wand system currently in the boat. The system needs to be fully removable to allow for One Design Racing if desired.
A few design guidelines...
Improvements to current control system:
1) Sensing wave terrain out ahead of the boat
2) Not engaging the mainfoil flap until the boatspeed hits 7 knots to reduce drag while floating
3) Toggle settings for upwind vs. downwind (maybe a button press?)
4) Data acquisition
5) Auto rear foil rake adjustment (this is a maybe feature, this would be lots of extra hardware for limited improvement)
Questions to answer:
1) Do I need a GPS to get good boat speed or is the accel, gyro, magnetometer IMS good enough?
2) How and where will I couple the servo to the flap control push rod
3) How big a challenge will marinization be? Is enough to buy waterproof parts and a waterproof box?
4) Is it useful to have more than two sonar sensors to create an accurate map of oncoming wave motion? Does wave motion traveling orthogonal to the direction of the boat matter? Or are waves going so slow compared to the speed of the boat that it doesn't matter?
I will endeavour to use parts that have excellent tutorials available online.
I will be concerned about the cost of my time even when it costs a bit more money to buy parts that are easier to integrate.
Basic Block Diagram Below:
I am entertaining offers for my boat.
3200 lbs of fast 26' boat. We win enough for it to be routine when we go out.
Contact me at email@example.com
It is getting just too hard for me as a disabled person to maintain and sail the boat. Plus I am not getting any younger.
Se pueden realizar funciones como dibujo, esbozo, pintura, diseño y editar directamente en la superficie de su monitor. Expande su creatividad y trabaja de manera natual e intuitiva. Artist22E Pro satisface las necesidades de todo tipo de artistas digitales en cualquier nivel de habilidad.¡Las aplicaciones potenciales de XP-Pen Artist 22E Pro son ilimitadas!
Incluye 16 Teclas Express personalizables. En comparación con Artist 22E, 16 Teclas Express tiene 16 funciones diferentes para mayor comodidad y eficiencia. El controlador permite que las Teclas Express esten armonizado con más programas diferentes. Apto para usuarios diestros y zurdos.
Nuestra pantalla 21.5 pulgadas tiene una resolución 1080p con una gama de colores 77%-82% y un ángulo de visión 178 ° extra ancho. Nuestra calibración 4 y 9 puntos proporcionará a su trabajo una exactitud y precisión sin precedentes.
Nuestra P02S tecnología proporciona una presión sensible y coherente del lápiz de 8192 niveles，Lo que le proporciona un control y fluides innovadores para expandir su producción creativa.
Admite Windows 7/8/10 y Mac Os x 10.8.x o superior. Compatible con el popular software de arte digitl como Adobe Photoshop, Corel Painter, Comic Studio, SAI, Zbrush, Medibang Paint, Toonboom Harmony, etc..
Artist 22E Pro Grafikmonitor mit 21.5 Zoll Bildschirm hat 1080p Auflösung mit 77%-82% Farbenbereich und einen 178° Blickwinkel. Funktionen wie Zeichnen, Malen, Designen und Bearbeiten können jetzt direkt auf der Oberfläche des Monitors ausgeführt werden. Erweitern Sie Ihre Kreativität und Arbeitsnatur instinktiv.
Die Technologie des P02S Stifts liefert 8192 stufige Druckempfindlichkeit und man kann es einfach kontrollieren, freiwillig aufstellen. Die Datenübertragungsrate von Artist 22E Pro Grafikmonitor erhöht auf 266 RPS und deshalb macht die Liene flüssiger. Man kann schneller und effizienter arbeiten.
Der Treiber von Artist 22E Pro Grafiktablett unterstützt 4k Monitore. Jetzt kann man fast alle Deteils genießen. Das Anti-Blendung Design reduziert 56% Blendung und der Bildschirm ist noch bunt und deutlich, auch wenn es schon sehr hell ist.
Es gibt 16 angepassste Schnellzugriffstasten. Vergleichen mit Artist 22E Pro Pen Display haben die 16 Tasten 16 unterschiedliche Funktionen, was macht die Benutzung bequem und effizient. Der Treiber erlaubt die Tasten, an viele unterschiedlichen Softwares zu gewöhnen. Außerdem kann man Artist 22E Pro Pen Display mit links oder rechts Hand benutzen.
Das feste, verstellbare und ergonomische Design macht den Stift stoßfest und rutschfest, was ein bequemes Erlebnis den Benutzer liefert. Artist 22E Pro Grafikmonitor kann auch in einen 75x75 mm mechanischen Arm wechseln. Artist 22E Pro Grafiktablett ist mit Windows 10/8/7, Mac OS 10.8x oder höher kompatibel; XP-Pen Artist 22E Pro Grafiktablett ist kompatibel mit allen üblichen Grafikanwendungen wie Adobe Photoshop,Corel Painter, Illustrator, SAI, CDR, usw.
【XP-PEN Artist 22E Pro】The XP-PEN Artist 22E Pro driver can support 4k displays. The custom-designed anti-reflective coating reduces glare by 56 percent.
【PERFORMANCE】 21.5 inch display ; 1080p resolution; Adobe Color Gamut Coverage: 77%-82%; 178° viewing angle. Stylus: 8192 levels pressure sensitivity. Helps you work more efficiently.
【FUNCTIONS】Directly draw, sketch, paint, design, and edit on the surface of your monitor. The Artist22E Pro can meet the needs of all types of digital artists at any skill level.
【SHORTCUT】16 shortcut keys to maximize your productivity - Personally and Efficiently. Suitable for both left and right handed users.
【SUPPORT】Supports Windows 7/8/10 and Mac Os x 10.8.x or later. Compatible with popular digital art software such as Adobe Photoshop, Corel Painter, Comic Studio, SAI, Zbrush, Medibang Paint, Toonboom Harmony etc.
Well anarchiests, I have tried spring sailing at the Mediterranean Sea. It means first warm sun of spring and last strong winds of winter.
We passed app.400 miles from the shore of Croatia to the Italian border where are located 2 islands. They are called small and big Palagruza. Big one has one lighthouse. This lighthouse is hotel either.
We had some storms, waves, strong winds, broachings, broken sales, lightings while the race. Awesome experience.
Details... Yeah, you can find it at the following video:
Full video of the race
Ok. Here is a shot story about my first offshore racing experience.
It was difficult to choose race because of the standart long distance 600nm. A lot of people said that it's boring. Who knows if I don't like first 100nm how can I get out at last 500nm. That's right I will not be able. So I need smth shorter. Some research and I've got a link for "Offshore Challenge 2017" which was organized by Offshore racing club of Austria and Croatian sailing federation. The place was not so far. It was Adriatic sea. I have to fly app.4 hours. The distance was shorter and interesting. It was a half of the standart race. I mean 300 nm. Moreover it was a break for a day at the middle of the race. So, there are 2 rounds measured by 150 mn. We sailed from Biograd-na-more to Dubrovnik and then go back.
The first round was exciting with fresh wind 15-20 knots blowing in our course. So we sailed broadreach or deadrun all the distance. Some times wind changed direction rapidly up to 30 degrees and it was nice practice of sttering with spinnaker. To the end of the race at last 4-5 nm all wind dissapeared because we get into the land shadow at night. So race became ordinary inshore distance. All the other story was awasome.
The second distance was passed on a half and wind was ended at all. So how was good anyone we don't know by tracking system. But I suppose that such calm conditions make officers to cancel results of the second stage.
Anyway, here is the second race of the Offshore Challenge 2017:
Man, I dig nationality when it comes to the America's Cup. When I first became aware of the America's Cup back in 1987 national pride dominated those of us in America who were rooting for Dennis Conner to bring the Cup back home from Australia. DC's boat was even named "Stars and Stripes" for God's sake. And when he successfully won he went on a celebration tour around America starting with a ticker tape parade in New York City. As an 11 year old kid at that time national pride is what hooked me on the America's Cup and the same thing happened a year later during the Seoul Olympics when American athletes like Matt Biondi and Carl Lewis opened my eyes to the Olympics for the first time and made me proud to be an American. Sure growing up in Annapolis I spent a lot of time on my Step Father's sail boats so it stands to reason I should be a fan of the Cup right? Not necessarily.
When it comes to nationality in the America's Cup I've compared it to the Olympics many times in the past while debating in America's Cup Anarchy (ACA). Every four years TV ratings in the US go through the roof for such sports as Men's/Women's Swimming, Women's Gymnastics, Men's/Women's Figure Skating, Alpine Skiing events, etc... Sports that no one not intimately involved in said sports give a rats ass about the 3 1/2 years between Olympics. Nationality is the reason why these sports matter every 4 years, the only reason. Hell, just the other day one of the biggest beneficiaries of Nationalism in regards to the Olympics, Michael Phelps, was on TV for an hour getting ready to, and actually racing, a computer generated great white shark to see which was faster of a 100m course. If it wasn't the nationalistic pull of the Olympics no one would of given two shits who Michael Phelps was never mind wasting an hour waiting for him to race a fake shark. Another good example of nationalism making certain sports popular look at Women's Soccer. Women like Mia Hamm and the shirtless Brandi Chastain rocketed to stardom on the back of the American flag. At one point they thought they were the reason for their success, not USA on their chest, so they started a professional Women's Soccer league. It lasted three years and lost approximately 100 million before it folded. Why? People wanted to see the USA Women's Soccer team not the Bay Area CyberRays or the Washington Freedom.
The America's Cup falls in the same category as Swimming and Women's Soccer in my opinion. Embrace nationalism and people will pay attention. Will the Cup ever be on the level of the Olympics? Doubtful, but nationalism could generate enough interest to successfully fund teams from many different nations and secure the future viability of the Cup for years to come. But when I say embrace nationalism in regards to the Cup I don't mean half assed measures like what Larry Ellison and Russell Coutts tried to pull for AC34 and AC35. Where they slapped TEAM USA on every part of their boats and gear yet had the entire sailing team jabbering on with an Aussie twang. American's might be largely ignorant when it comes to sail boat racing, but they know when someone is trying to bullshit them when they see a boat with TEAM USA on it but the guy behind the wheel sounds like Crocodile DunDee's kid.
Now with Emirates Team New Zealand (ETNZ) the new defenders of the Cup there is talk of a true nationality rule. Nothing specific has been announced but there is talk of anywhere from 50% to 80% of the sailing team must be from the nation of the yacht club (challenger) they represent. I would much rather 60% to 80% for this cycle of the Cup but 50% is better than nothing, IMO. After the debacle that was AC35 (American Defender not defending in America) a nationality rule is crucial for the much needed reset of the Cup. Especially when it comes to America's involvement in the Cup. Not since AC31 back in 2003 has there been more than one American team competing for the Cup. Since 2003 Larry Ellison's Oracle Racing team has been the sole American, in name only, team. Between 2007 and now Ellison's Oracle Team has went from being ashamed to fly the American flag over their team base in Valencia, Spain to riding off to Bermuda to defend the Cup because cities like San Francisco wouldn't pony up money and property to Uncle Larry Ellison.
But now us American fans of the Cup may be done with Larry Ellison supposedly representing America in the Cup. With Ellison's sworn enemy in Grant Dalton part of the organization effort, and reportedly up to three American teams not affiliated with Ellsion expressing interest in challenging for the Cup, there is hope that at least one true American challenger will be on the water in New Zealand when AC36 kicks off. And with American sailors like Bora Gulari saying that they only have interest being part of the Cup if its with a true American challenge (http://sailinganarchy.com/2017/07/24/thats-a-wrap-5/) it says to me nationality is not dead when it comes to the Cup. At least I hope not...
Whats on my IPad song of the day:
We have been asked so many times about how we set up our boat to sail across oceans, that we thought we'd make a video about it. It was just our thought processes and not necessarily the gold standard. However it has provided us with as stress free an ocean crossing as you could hope for. I hope it helps others who are thinking of dropping their lines and sailing across oceans. Cheers.
Ok, its been over three years since my last blog post. That's beyond laziness and firmly in the worthless category. Having said that, the third time is the charm right? I think it is....
A lot has happened in my life over the last 3+ years. I lost a parent to Cancer (Fuck you!), transitioned from private sector employment to the government sector (paid more for less work!) and I have slowly watched my oldest daughter start the process of becoming a woman (Help me Jesus!). There has been more taking place in my life over the last 3 years, but those three things are the most significant life affecting moments. Its been a rough three years to say the least, but I am looking forward to starting a new and it begins with this blog entry.
More significant to this blog is what has happened in regards to the America's Cup over the last 3+ years. Lets see, Uncle Larry Ellison and Cousin Russell Coutts decided to take their Oracle TEAM USA to Bermuda, of all places, and defend the America's Cup. That right there was a gut punch of significance to me as an American America's Cup fan. Although American didn't put the America in the America's Cup, it was the home of said Cup for 130+ years. At no point should a defense of the AC by an American team ever take place outside America. Simply absurd and the final straw forcing me to end my support of Oracle. After that decision I lost a lot of interest in the AC. Sure I kept track from time to time on what was going, but I never watched more than a 30 second clip of any of the ACWS events that took place leading up to AC35 and became a ghost on ACA. When the LVC started in Bermuda this past May I started paying attention but it wasn't the same. OD boats and Bermuda, not very compelling to me. Luckily for me, I hope, ETNZ whooped OR-BDA's ass and the Cup has been pried out of Uncle Larry's semi-cold/dead hands. And with that a new era in the Cup is hopefully born. We shall see.
Speaking of this potentially new era of the Cup, as I expected, Kiwi fan boys are slobbering all over themselves on ACA with any and every bit of news that ETNZ produces on their much deserved victory tour of the Underworld (New Zealand). The latest dribble of drool is about ETNZ letting average folk, commoners, actually touch the Cup. Oh boy. Reading about that also jogged my memory about what happened around the turn of the century the first time the Kiwi's brought the Cup down to the Underworld and shared it with the commoner's.
Ah, yeah, I'd just assume ETNZ and the Kiwi authorities be a bit selective about whom touches the Cup while it resides, temporarily, in the Underworld. All joking aside, ETNZ and their fans deserve to celebrate however they choose. Its just tough for a guy like me who subscribes to the saying "Act like you've been there before" when it comes to sports. ETNZ and their fans have been there before but you wouldn't know it based on their current euphoria. Crazy.
Now for a bit of venting on a personal level. Primarily in regards to the fact that I am the sole male in my house. My lovely wife and two daughters are the best things to ever happen to me, no question, but man is it tough being the only one in the house that pee's standing up. Especially considering the fact that my oldest daughter is in the initial phases of blossoming into being a woman. Luckily for me my wife gets the brunt of my oldest's wrath but I do get the collateral damage. The current issue that threatens to end the world according to my oldest is she is getting tiny pimples on her face. I made the mistake the other night of making a smart ass remark about her new friends and my oldest decided to Jimmy Superfly Snuka me off her top bunk bed. After that I knew this shit was serious. The oldest is demanding Proactive, and I am ready to buy her a truck load after she Snuka'ed me, but my Wife is preaching patience and I am forced to agree. All the while my youngest is obvious to anything not involving her iPad and won't eat anything accept mac-n-cheese. That's a topic for another venting moment right there. I also forget to mention the cat is also a female, needed around $500 worth of teeth removed from her head and recently has started to try and sit on my head while I sleep for some unknown reason. Regardless, I am truly blessed.
Well that will do for right now. I started this late in my work day and I need to start wrapping up my so called work so I can get out on time and miss traffic. For those who have been blessed like me and had to endure rush hour traffic on the DC Beltway you know why its important to leave promptly when the day is over. I will say I feel confident this won't be my last blog entry for another 6 years or so. There is so much to talk about, like dumb ass Trump and his equally dumb offspring and the details of AC36, there is no reason I can't shoot out blog entry's on a more consistent basis. Especially considering I am a Government employee now, I have a lot of free time during my work day. No promises though.
Whats on my IPad song of the day:
Choate 27 sailboats seem to attract a lot of heated conversation and I am not sure why. I am currently racing on one (Jessie's Girl) as skipper. I picked the boat from several lists of best PHRF boats for the money based on research of the boats and research of the NOAA database of wind speeds recorded on Lake Murray for many years. Some people feel the Choate 27 has a gift rating in light air but that has not been my experience. Yes, we have won quite a few races and we do seem to have an edge in light air. Of course, in the really light air when we are the only boat moving the race committee will postpone the start, shorten the course or abandon the race. We are also a very experienced crew. I have raced on that particular lake over 40 years. I have experience on J-24s , Soverel 33, Hobie 33's, Hobie 16's, SORC, one design and many other types of boats. The bottom of Jessie's Girl is cleaned before just about every race, we have new composite racing sails built by a local sailmaker and have upgraded the rigging. If we did not do well I would wonder why. Even with all of the above being true it is still our opponents mistakes that allow us to win. For instance, in our next to last race a Capri 25 corrected to one second slower than us. He lost that race at the start when we had a great start and he didn't. If you are never over early you aren't even trying to get a good start. The same boat lost the last race to us on the down wind leg. We owe him time and he was ahead of us 3/4 the way down the leg. He must have felt we were covering him and we may have had a little coverage. His response was to heat it up to weather. I knew when he headed up I had him. Sooner or later he had to come back down and by the time he did we were clear ahead well before the mark and the whole time I had right of way. If he had just maintained his course there was no way I could pass him and he could have covered us back to weather. I just don't think the Choate 27 has a gift rating. In the hands of good sailors, and they have been raced by some of the best, with better than average prep work and a sail locker full of sails they are hard to beat in a division were they are one of the faster ratings. We leave most of our sails on the dock and use a sponge to get the water out. If you want to win, prepare like a winner, sail like a winner and accept that every dog has his day and sometimes it will be you and sometimes not. When people tell us that we only won because we have a ratings beater I just smile and agree with them. They don't want to hear the truth and I am not educating my competitors for free.
Vigrx plus medication is seen as the most widely used penis growing medicine currently sold. This is highly attributed to the impressive VigRX Plus results. Anyone who has ever been concerned with a lack of penile endowment will tell you that there's nothing better than VigRX Plus.
Nonetheless, a lot of them are perplexed about Vigrx plus results being permanent or temporary. Frankly, the reply to this inquiry is yes. These pills are proven to be effective. The major reason for the excellent results shown by these pills are the special and natural ingredients used in these pills. The length and circumference of your penis can be greatly enlarged by the active ingredients contained in these pills. So, realizing the organic ingredients that these pills have is the right solution for every question you have if the result obtained from Vigrx plus are permanent.
Recent studies have suggested that these pills can even cure many sexual dysfunctions including premature ejaculation. It is said that these pills will completely eliminate all male sexual dysfunctions with absolutely no side effects.
To find about the true solutions for all your questions are Vigrx plus results permanent, internet can be the best option. The verified website for the Vigrx plus pills offers all the details about various substances that these pills have, as well as the way the pill works.
This will give you knowledge about the level of success for the pill. The primary purpose of male enhancement tablet is to fortify the lovemaking glands present in the human reproductive structure. This pill helps increase blood flow to the penis to give you harder, more enduring erections.
The results of VigRX plus are permanent -- just read the testimonials and see for yourself. Only those people, who have used Vigrx plus pills, have written the reviews and testimonials. The Vigrx plus pill is touted by most pill reviews and testimonials, as the most efficacious and the safest enhancement product offering in the market for males today.
These tables are made up of organic ingredients and these help to widen the passage present in the penis, so as to retain more blood. It will help increase the length and girth of your penis and give you rock-hard erections.
Recent studies show that employing certain penis exercises in conjunction with the consumption of the VigRX Plus pills results in the best results for increasing penis size. These pills offer permanent improvement without side effects because the herbal ingredients in them are pure. However, these are several main ways you will notice that Vigrx Plus treatment gives permanent results.
Crazybulks is a leading manufacturer and supplier of RX-grade, hardcore supplements, legal steroids, lean muscle and muscle for gain. All of our legal steroids for sale and body building supplements offer NO side effects, and results have been seen in as little as 30 days. Our hardcore line of legal steroids will help you quickly take your workouts to a whole new level, helping build lean mass, raise stamina, cut, bulk, and more. Change your body and your workouts now with top-grade steroids for sale from Crazybulks- Where SCIENCE and MUSCLE Collide!
Benefit From Crazybulks Legal Steroids - #1 Source for Pharmaceutical Grade Anabolics:
NO Prescriptions & NO Injections.
NO Side Effects - Made in the USA.
In Business Since 2006 - FDA Inspected.
LOWEST PRICE GUARANTEED.
Discrete Billing & FREE Shipping
Buy Dianabol Online
Dianabol Elite Series™
Competitors Price: $85.00 (You save $30.01)
Cutting & Lean Muscle Agent. Great for men or women! Dianabol will give your body a more lean and cut look while preserving muscle mass. D-Bal (Dianabol) contains anabolic properties that are strong enough to increase strength, and works great when stacked with Tren-bal. This is a hardcore anabolic based on the anabolic steroid anavar.
How it Works - What to Expect:
Great for burning fat and retaining lean muscle. D-Bal (Dianabol) is Designated for cutting cycles.
Enhances vascularity for better muscle nourishment.
Possesses an anabolic number high enough to increase size and strength.
Designed to burn visceral and subcutaneous fat.
Improves muscle hardness for a denser, sharper appearance.
Retains lean muscle when cutting calories.
Is extremely potent, yet mild enough for both men and women.
Safer than standard D-Bal (Dianabol)!
Great for Cutting cycles.
No injections or needles; taken Orally.
No Prescriptions needed for Anavar, shipped world wide.
Safe Alternative to pure anabolic Steroids.
100% Legal with Discrete Shipping.
Premium formula designed to show Results in less than 2 weeks
Stack Info & Directions :
Not toxic to the liver or kidneys. Formulated to achieve best results when stacked with Elite Series: WINNI, CLENN, and TREN-BAL by Crazybulks.
1 Bottle :
D-Bal (Dianabol): Serving Size: 1 Tablet (35mg). Servings Per Bottle: 60 Tablets .
Directions: Take one (1) tablet two (2) times daily with meals, even on non-workout days. On workout days, take 30-45 minutes before working out. For best results, use for at least 2 months. Workout Period: 2 months “on” and 1.5 weeks "off".
D-Bal (Dianabol) also offer Three promotions :
CLICK HERE to Enter Code CB10 to get Discount 10%.
CLICK HERE to Buy 2 Bottles Get 1 FREE!.
CLICK HERE to Free Shipping to USA on all orders.
Cellphone is really a basic dependence on each one that's found everywhere in the world because utility, necessity and affordability. Initially, there was clearly only a select few of persons who could afford them with regard to their expensive nature. With all the advancement in technology, progressively more cellphones with several advanced features at affordable prices were introduced. The cell suppliers in India will work actively in this regard and are launching numerous attractive devices out there.
There are many leading manufacturers like; Nokia, Motorola, Apple, Sony Ericsson, L.G, Siemens, Samsung,HTC and others that supply high-tech and fashionable handsets in Indian market. Each mobile manufacturer is developed which consists of own variety of offerings with interesting things then one different. There are various styles of mobiles to be found in Indian market based on the desire and dependence on every individual. Mobiles come in various sizes, shapes, colors and specifications.
Cheap Mobile online in dubai
is often broadly categorized into three segments like basic phones, Smart phones and PDA Phones. Mobiles can certainly be categorized as lifestyle phones, business phones, entertainment phones, gaming phones, etc. dependant on the functions and need for consumer market.
In India Mobiles have become a fashion statement for all from general people to leading business man. Hence, Mobile market in India is becoming very demanding and competitive. Cell phones in India can be bought in different brands with attractive models for all those varieties of users. The product sector has made a substantial impact on the field telecommunication with new and high-tech technologies far better connectivity. Nowadays phones use stylish os which perform the vast majority of applying a laptop. Technologies are advancing now each day plus the kinds of mobiles will be made reasonable by budget range, features and services provided.
If you're an frequent online shopper, do open an immutable online account as part of your preferred shopping destination so that you enter your payment details and related information only once or twice. Otherwise you must say hello to the details any time you make an online purchase. Therefore online shops that supply redeem points to your family shoppers. The majority of these
Online Mobile Shop in Dubai
have facilities to pay for the due amount via cheque, postal money order, funds on delivery and other payment mode in case the complete payment is not really made online. Most items like mobiles, devices, and related products are delivered at the doorstep. Few goods like music or software down load once payment is cleared. There's also options of collecting bought products in the nearest authorized store.
Life stomach to your standstill without mobile phone devices; such is its utility. Many people throughout the world utilize the wonder gadget, along with the number increases in great numbers everyday. The convenience linked to it, i.e. actually talking to anyone anywhere on the earth has ended in its extreme popularity. The modern mobiles are true examples of technology at its best. Starting from storing of contact details, playing games, clicking photographs to sending and receiving emails, texting, integrating Ipods, and whole lot more tasks can be performed within a phone dependant upon the model. With a bluetooth handset, you can savor a two-way connection. Get those handset web avail great discounts!
After servicing my Yanmar 2GM changing oil, filters and belts, I noticed a leak on top of the injectors. After some research, I found that it is easy to replace the bolts and gaskets, and that removing them won't affect the injectors. It is a low pressure return pipe that ends open in the tank, so no high pressure involved. I also change the pipe.
These are the replacements pieces:
(qty) YanmarModel Description
(1) 105311-59500 Fuel return pipe
(2) 101147-59810 Bolt
(4) 23414-080000 Gasket
Here are some pictures:
I bought a 1975 Bystedt 30 one year ago. The boat is powered by a Yanmar 2GM (the old model, older than 2GM20). The engine is connected to a Cessna hydraulic pump. It took me a long time to find the stamped model in the flange, 5H 12 PA - 70142 RAG, which according to http://knighthawksupply.com/cessnapumpid.htm means Product type 701, Pump configuration Tandem, Displacement 0.84 in 3/r and Right-Hand rotation. All this is located below the cockpit. Hydraulic liquid is pumped there to the hydraulic motor in the bilge, with a load adaptor that connects with the shaft.
The hydraulic motor and the adaptor were totally rusted, the shaft almost loose. I found a clue of what happened to the boat in a blog of the previous owner. He was 20 miles southwest of Cape Flattery, when the bilge start filling up with hydraulic liquid, and the shaft stopped spinning. He adds that the previous owner told him "It's a closed hydraulic system - both ends are identical.".
I asked for advise in a boatyard nearby, and they told me they could fix it for $12,000. That's more than I paid for the boat, so I decided to work on it myself. Dave, a local boat mechanic lend me a hand, and we removed the old unit:
We found out that the problem was the adaptor, so we found a replacement (that was about $1,200). The replacement didn't match the exact size of the previous unit, so we had to make some adjustments on the metal sheet that served as a base. After all this, Dave installed the new one and repainted the whole thing:
It works like a charm now. The whole thing took us a couple of months, but in Seattle the weather encourage us to work inside the cabin.