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Showing content with the highest reputation on 10/13/2018 in all areas

  1. 6 points
    I'm curious how many people here actually have an in-depth understanding of the process of hydraulic fracturing and have the requisite science/engineering background, including well construction/design and groundwater hydrology, to actually assess for themselves the risks and rewards of "fracking"? For those who see dangers, what are they? What is the pathway to damage groundwater resources? How does that work, do you think? What are the "scary chemicals" people talk about? The EPA did a looong study under the Obama Administration, certainly no friend to oil and gas interests, and could not find a connection between fracking, especially as practiced today, and groundwater pollution. Perhaps one reason is that it is exceeding rare to find freshwater resources deeper than 2000 feet below surface. Also, due to the need for thermal maturity to cook the keragens from biological decay into oil and gas, commercial shale deposits are rarely found shallower than 7,000', giving a full mile of vertical separation between the oil and water zones. In some wells in which I have an interest, the water bottoms out at 350 feet, the pay is at 14,000. 2 and 1/2 miles of separation. A typical fract treatment costs $3-5,000,000 and they are normally run 3 at a time, meaning a capital committment of 9-15 million bucks, excluding the cost of land and of drilling and casing the wellbore. All up cost of a 3 well pad runs $15-21 million exclusive of land costs. Fracture treatments which find their way outside of the target zone make no money. Polluting fresh water costs a LOT of money. The entire point of well design and construction is to ensure the treatment goes into the zone you want, and nowhere else, especially fresh water zones. Right now I have 10 wells drilling on my lands, and 3 fracking. The 3 fracking are a 24 hour operation that has been going on since September 29 and today is about 1/2 done, stage 30-31 out of 62 stages. We're in for $1.8 million frac cost so far on each well, plus $2 mil each for the drilling. Fracking is is exceedingly simple, the components are water and sand. That's it. If a gelling agent is used, it's called guar. The same stuff used to thicken salad dressing and catsup. That's it. If you were, by accident, to pump water and sand at high rates into a water zone, what would be the harm? I'm not sure how it would happen, given how we drill and construct wells, and all of the pre and during-frack testing that is done to ensure wellbore integrity. I have a degree in Petroleum Engineering, also studied groundwater hydrology in college as an elective, and have over 40 years experience in drilling and fracking. I offer this only as information. I learned long ago that, for most people, a lack of knowledge will never prevent them from having strongly held opinions on any subject. I have no interest in trying to change anyone's mind, as poorly trained minds tend to be inflexible beasts, and most minds are poorly trained.
  2. 4 points
    I'll say this under the assuming that you really are a long time listener/first time caller and not a sock. PA is a repository for people and threads that are not appropriate for the other boards. Simply put, this is a cesspool where things go to be isolated from the more polite areas of the board. This is a land of barbarity - not logic. We keep ourselves warm by burning straw men, slake our thirst by drinking the tears of sad arguments, and revel in beating dead horses until there's nothing left but a bloody stain. There are no noble savages - just some with better command of language and google search skills. Have no expectations and you won't be disappointed.
  3. 4 points
    Some of the magic of the French Toast lass was that she was just spontaneous and doing it, and her BF just caught her on video being intensely cute and sexy while she wasn't really being aware of he was doing it. This one, it seems pretty clear she's performing for the camera. Sexy? Sure. But not the same magic...
  4. 3 points
    Greetings fellow sailors! A few months ago, i registered over here to gather some info on fixing my dad's old and knackered wooden single bottom FD. But while working on the boat, we noticed we took 2 steps back for each 1 forward. Also because my dad and me don't work too well together... (fire and ice). So my brother and me decided to quit working on his FD and try to find our own so the fighing would be over! Luck was on our side because we managed to pick up an old Bianchi from 1979 made from glass with a wooden deck. In our eyes, best of both worlds (excluding deck maintenance). So we felt blessed for this opportunity and started putting this boat back together. It was a complete package with trailer, trolley, sails and much more, but it was a jigsaw for us aswell. Nearly all lines needed to be replaced and so we had to learn how all the systems worked, which intimidated us in the beginning. So many lines... Would we ever memorise it all and wouldn't the chaos in the boat take away the fun? Now, a few months later, we have sailed for more than 12 times and even now in autumn, we are getting great weather over here in The Netherlands so tomorrow the old lady will hit the water again. The sails are really old but after we're done fixing the basic package, we're saving up for a few 2017/18 sails for next season so we can really learn to sail this boat properly! We are by no means competitive or thinking about races because it's our first boat (me and my brother) and we are just trying to have some fun on a tight budget, having our faces in the sun while sailing 1 of the most beautiful boats ever designed. A few corners could definitely be cut concerning layout and rigging, but the majority of the basic package hasn't disappointed us so far. We are extremely curious to hear the ideas and thoughts of you guys so we can improve the boat further! Here are some pictures! Cheers!
  5. 3 points
    Is “Drain the Swamp” some sort of code for “Install hopelessly unqualified people to positions of power” or “Leading the most corrupt Administration ever”? Either way, I’d say he is rather successful.
  6. 3 points
    I don't particularly like fracking - but fracking for natural gas has basically eliminated the long term investment of coal power plants in the United States, and basically made up a large part of the carbon emission reduction since 2008. A reliable, cost effective and sustainable national energy grid looks different depending on what each country is working with? In France? The strategy was to standardize and invest heavily in nuclear power plants. In Germany? The difficulty has been balancing energy demands from German industries, security demands re importing gas from the east, without using nuclear energy because of constituent concerns. In the US? We haven't relied on government investment (e.g. we don't have a "standardized" nuclear reactor design w/ government integrated fuel reprocessing & reactor specifications), and have sort of regulated in piece meal. Thankfully the unexpected (15 years ago) viability of fracking gas has allowed a lot of utilities to modify boilers to natural gas heated - which allow a wider efficient range, fires up quicker than coal, easier to maintain emission standards and easier to purchase standardized fuel (coal varies greatly). In some countries, you can build a lot of dams without hurting unique species. In the US west, solar has been a huge part of emission reduction. In the US east and central/south? Gas has helped us kill off dirty coal. It isn't a one size fit all solution, and diversified sources isn't inherently evil.
  7. 3 points
    It wasn't a bunch of Iranians that flew planes into the WTC/Pentagon/a field in PA. This would not be the first Administration that turned a blind eye to Saudi actions.
  8. 3 points
    Fracking and anything that involves the destruction of species, pollution of groundwater, toxic run-off, and the use of God knows what chemicals, should not be a political issue. It does not matter who the fuck you want to vote for (or not vote for).
  9. 2 points
    I can say what I HOPE they would do: 1) Push to drop the age for Medicare to 55. 2) Push to actually end the war in Afghanistan and trim back the military industrial complex a bit. 3) Increase taxes by simplifying the tax code and de-convoluting some deductions on particularly high income earners. I consider all three of those to be pretty much in the wheel house of mainstream democrats and all would have some level of support through the centrist types - meaning it might actually get through the senate although in truth, the tax code clean up is pretty much a non-starter unless its sort of added to some appropriations bills.
  10. 2 points
    If you don't want hydraulic fracturing then stop using products produced from it. That would be almost all nat gas currently produced in the US and about 2/3 of US oil production. The hypocrisy of politics (and the non-inquisitive like Ed.) is to make the easy attacks on the faceless, voteless producers of commodities while spreading false virtue to the retail consumers (and btw, voters) of same. 80% of the carbon footprint of a gallon of gas comes from combusting it, just 20% (at most) from extracting (this would be the fracking part) , pipelining, refining and distributing it to the end pump. So why is all the protest against the 20% that simply serves to indulge the 80%? Because hypocrisy is easier than action. If we would be honest with ourselves and target shame on consumption, production will naturally take care of itself. E.g. If you don't want rhino poaching do you prosecute the impoverished rhino poacher in Africa or the limp-dick affected consumer of powdered rhino horn in Beijing? We don't the latter, but we should. Same with say shark fin soup, so should be same with fossil fuels. Realistically, GM, Ford, Boeing, Airbus all make things that do much more harm to the environment (as their products generate the 80% portion of the carbon footprint) than what a petchem plant or pipeline would facilitate. We are all free to drive less and fly less (or try this, Ed.) use hemp sailcloth but isnt it so much more convenient to ignore that inconvenient truth and, with mob-think virtue, protest an Ineos or a pipeline.
  11. 2 points
    Saw this guy twice, once just after he put the Aerial Boundries album out at the New Varsity Theater in Palo Alto. Packed house. Hedges walks on stage like he came off the street with a battered guitar case and stops in front of one mike stand on an empty stage except for one cord on the floor. He opened the case, put the guitar on, plugged it in and did this piece. Place went nuts. They never turned the house lights down and by the end he had split the audience into two or three groups with each group doing a sound effect for "Come Together" while he did the guitar on vocals. It was incredible. Last time I saw him was at the Catalyst in Santa Cruz just before he died. One man, one guitar. Tragic death. "Live on the Double Planet" is a pretty good example of what his shows were like.
  12. 2 points
    Jumpstarting the green economy. The stimulus provided $90 billion dollars for a bevy of green initiatives, including $29 billion for improving energy efficiency, $21 billion for renewable energy generation, $10 billion for the grid, $18 billion for rail, and several smaller initiatives. EPA Endangerment Finding. For the first time, EPA made an official finding that greenhouse gases (GHGs) endanger human health and welfare. This finding was upheld by the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals; the Supreme Court declined review. GHG Standards for New Vehicles. EPA issued the “tailpipe” rule, cutting CO2 emissions from new cars by almost a billion tons. This was also upheld by the courts. GHG Standards for Power Plants and Factories. At the same time as the “tailpipe” rule, EPA issued a rule requiring GHG cuts for major new facilities; most of that rule was upheld by the Supreme Court. More importantly, EPA issued the Clean Power Plan, addressing emissions from existing power plants. The legality of that rule is now before the D.C. Circuit. Mercury Controls for Power Plants. Using its authority to regulate toxic chemicals, EPA established a rule cutting mercury emissions, which will save thousands of lives, primarily by cutting dangerous particulates. The rule is now in front of the D.C. Circuit on remand from the Supreme Court, but most of the industry has already complied. Social Cost of Carbon. For the first time, the government tried to measure the harm that CO2 causes, for purposes of future cost-benefit analyses. The current figure is around $35 per ton. National monuments. Obama has established more national monuments than any other president in history. They also cover more acreage than any previous president’s. Oceans. Obama designated some 580,000 square miles off Hawaii as a national monument. He also cleaned up the mess from the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, twisting BP’s arm into setting up a compensation fund for victims, and then ultimately obtaining billions of dollars in criminal and civil penalties. He also reformed regulation of deepwater drilling after the disaster, with no help from Congress. New environmental legislation. Obama signed the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, which finally fixed the nearly moribund Toxic Substance Control Act. He also signed the Food Modernization and Safety Act in 2011, which substantially strengthened the FDA’s power to safeguard the food supply. Given the near-total gridlock of today’s Congress, obtaining any new legislation is something of a minor miracle. Interstate air pollution. EPA established its first major rule addressing interstate transport of particulates and ozone, something that had been attempted unsuccessfully by the Bush Administration. The major features of the rule have been upheld by the Supreme Court; some lesser matters are still before the D.C. Circuit. Keystone XL Pipeline. Obama blocked construction of this pipeline to take Canadian tar sands oil to market. The pipeline had come to symbolize the profligate use of fossil fuels. Mountaintop mining. In decisions in 2013 and 2016, the D.C. Circuit upheld the Obama EPA’s effort to curb mountain top mining, an extremely destructive variant on strip mining, even when that means withdrawing or modifying an existing permit. Endangered species. As of April 2015 (the latest figures I could find), the Obama Administration had listed 299 species, bringing them under the protection of the Endangered Species Act. It had also delisted 12, and had 35 listings in progress. Fracking. In 2015, the Administration issued new rules regulating fracking on public lands, designed to protect against groundwater pollution. This year, EPA followed up with rules to restrict methane emissions from natural gas operations. Energy efficiency. In December 2015, the Department of Energy issued a standard governing commercial air conditioners and furnaces, which covers heating and cooling for about half of the country’s commercial space. The new rule is estimated to save a total of $167 billions in energy costs and reduce carbon emissions by 885 megatons. International mercury agreement. The Obama Administration entered into the Minimata Convention on Mercury, which bans mercury mining and regulates mercury products, processes, and pollution. Coal ash. EPA issued the first-ever regulation of coal-ash impoundments, imposing new requirements for structural integrity and for groundwater protection. Stricter air quality standards. After dodging the issue in the run-up to the 2012 election, the Administration finally issued a new air quality standard for ozone, cutting the allowable level from 75 to 70 ppb. In 2013, EPA had also issued a new standard for particulates, cutting the permissible level of PM2.5 from 15 micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3) to 12 μg/m3. Protecting wetlands. The Administration issued the Water of the United States (WOTUS) rule, which clarified the reach of federal jurisdiction over wetlands. The rule is now mired in litigation. International climate negotiations. Last but far from least: President Obama succeeded in obtaining the 2009 Copenhagen Accord and more recently the 2015 Paris Agreement, the first international agreement including developing nation commitments to address emissions. Even more recently, the Administration was successful in negotiations to curb super-strong greenhouse gases using the Montreal Protocol and in negotiations for emissions limitations on commercial aviation.
  13. 2 points
    The same way he treats other despot leaders who murder their own citizens. Meet with them in Singapore, tell them you fell in love and sell happy jack a commemorative coin to blow his load over.
  14. 2 points
    Who is the #1 oil producer in the world? Saudi Arabia? NO. Russia? No. It's the United States. https://money.cnn.com/2018/09/12/investing/us-oil-production-russia-saudi-arabia/index.html The ed has failed to see past the end of his nose, and to failed consider the implications of being the #1 oil producer in the world, the benefits it confers, and the consequences. Does he want to go back to being a hostage to OPEC? I hope not. Does he want to resume sucking Russia's energy dick? Does he want $8 a gallon at the pump? Fracking is no panacea, and has it's downsides, but overall it has been a huge economic and political windfall for the US. Could fracking afford better environmental procedures? Fuck yeah. That's what we need. But, as is the specialty of the myopic, out goes the baby with the bathwater.
  15. 2 points
    There is a difference between believing in science and believing the" agenda driven scientists" ....
  16. 2 points
    Hold on, cowboys. Where y’all think your line, your sails, your carbon, your fuels... I can go on... all that shit comes from oil. Y’all might want to move outa those glass houses
  17. 2 points
    If we actually intended to pay our debts we would have hired a successful businessman for the top job, not a bankruptcy expert.
  18. 1 point
    I think that it has to do with the fact that he's been proven to be an evil bastard without morals.
  19. 1 point
    Here's an example of why I get a kick out of restoring neglected old boats and recycling nasty old gear. The Racor water separator as it came with the boat - probably never had any attention other than to change the element over the past 35 years. And after some time and a bit of spray paint. It is actually better than new now because I primed it with zinc chromate so it won't peel in future and I replaced the nasty, corroded steel fasteners with some S/S I had on hand. Saving around $300 for a new one is just gravy.
  20. 1 point
    Other than the name" Fracking" which certainly did not come from Madison Avenue....it is perfectly safe....other wise in would have been banned under Obama with his EPA Nazis https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/g161/top-10-myths-about-natural-gas-drilling-6386593/
  21. 1 point
    Rimyth is alive and well holding court telling sea stories for tips to his captive audience in the homeless shelter and teaching English and Russian for pocket change to supplement his SS check
  22. 1 point
    Careful. She is the most bullied person in America.
  23. 1 point
    Maybe a bit off topic, but maybe not. Been looking at the newest Windfoil designs a lot recently. The newest ones look more mothy, while moth sails consistently look more windsurfy with higher and higher downhaul tension. Seems like windsurfing is tackling the the power/efficiency with a more extreme sail shape. Wondering when cross pollination may start to happen. Windfoil seems to integrate the body better, but looses efficiency in rig motion? That being said, there is a solution to deck sweeping...
  24. 1 point
    Way up thread I think I proposed using powder actuated fasteners. These will drive a 20 penny spike through the flange of a steel I beam. You could jump off the boat, and have 4 cleats down before the first line got tied off to a bull rail. The only problem is, in Canada, they are paranoid and averse to powder actuated anything. I'd probably get arrested at the border. "Anything to declare?" "Just this semi automatic rapid fire fastener gun with a bump stock, a thousand rounds of ammo for it, at a pallet of galvanized cleats...."
  25. 1 point
    I imagine that both America Magic and Luna Rossa would rather the AC was held in TP 52s.

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