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146 F'n Saint


About Foolish

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    Super Anarchist

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  • Location
    Victoria, BC
  • Interests
    Sailing, Writing, Hiking

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  1. Foolish

    Sngle handed head sail arrangement

    Learn how to work the main sheet to twist off the top of the mainsail. The Figaro skippers rarely (some say never) reef their mainsail, even in 50 knots of wind so I've been told. The key is that they allow the top of the main to twist off. So keep the traveler up, but ease the sheet to allow the top to fall off. This is a very powerful way to sail, because by heading down a bit you have full sail, and heading up a bit you have 1/2 sail. So keep your main sheet in hand and ease it the instant you feel a pull. It was blowing 20 last night and I was doing this, even with my reefed main.
  2. Foolish

    Singlehanding a J46?

    I'm just a boy, standing in front of a boat, asking her to love him. Sail trim is everything. If you can't get it properly trimmed, you're doing it wrong. I'm going to assume that the boat was properly designed for this. Jib and Main only racing.
  3. Foolish

    DSS Foil Why did Wild Oats stop using it?

    "Safely sail in the given conditions" has never been one of my considerations. Given how many times I've broached with my spinnaker, I think I'll stay away from multi's. And also the reason why I don't fly my own airplane. In both cases it would end up badly.
  4. Foolish

    Singlehanding a J46?

    The small cockpit is great for singlehanding. But can you swap the huge wheel for a tiller?
  5. Foolish

    DSS Foil Why did Wild Oats stop using it?

    Not so efficient in some conditions:
  6. Foolish

    Symmetric Spinnaker Handling

    i like the way you've got your turtle set up so you can drop the sail into it by feel, rather than needing to look down.
  7. Foolish

    Better broaching for singlehanders

    Yes. When I did my study I quoted a paper about testing on Australian truck drivers. If I recall, they found a 50% reduction in accidents among drivers who drank coffee/tea. I would look at truck driving as very similar to long distance singlehanding, with long periods of nothing going on followed by sudden required changes. So absolutely caffeine is recommended. The Navy paper appears to recognize this. Regarding the total diet; yes, a good, rounded healthy diet is recommended. The only changes that I suggest are moving away from simple carbs into complex carbs. So whole grain rice rather than white rice (Uncle Bens even makes an instant whole grain rice), Whole grain breads rather than white breads, NO Red Bull or other caffeine drinks because they are loaded with sugar. Read the paper for the entire list of recommendations. One thing not mentioned in this thread is heat. Heat is a killer on fatigue/lethargy and heat is a real problem on the Transpac. I highly recommend coming up with solutions.
  8. Foolish

    Better broaching for singlehanders

    My challenge with this paper was to come up with meal planning that was beneficial AND realistic. My son is a real keto diet fan and we had several discussions about it while I was considering the topic. So, I had to think that sailors are going to want to eat carbs, especially on long voyages like across the Pacific or around the world. So if they want carbs, at least I can get them to consider complex carbs. I just did not think that the average sailor would want to switch over to a keto diet; I sure know that I wouldn't do it. I spoke to a number of sports nutrition experts about this topic while I was writing it. I just could not get their minds to switch away from ultra-marathon running. As I say over and over again in the study, the problem is fatigue and lethargy, not simply physical exhaustion (although that is a part of it.) It was after a lot of searching I came up with the somewhat better comparison of long distance dog sled racing. I believe that mine is the first ever paper on this particular problem. I have since re-written the paper for long distance truck drivers, and it has been published in trucker magazines.
  9. Foolish

    DSS Foil Why did Wild Oats stop using it?

    Once you start singlehanding in a fleet of crewed boats, you come to realize how important weight on the rail is, and how much leeway drift you will face without it. Water ballast, canting keel or DSS, they all perform the same function. It's just a matter of which is most efficient.
  10. Foolish

    DSS Foil Why did Wild Oats stop using it?

    Yes, that was the impression I was left with after interviewing Hugh. If you read that chapter in my book, I think the best idea I came up with for my Olson 30 was the canting keel. Here is what I wrote: I asked Geoff Van Gorkom to compare systems that might be appropriate for a boat like mine. Would he choose water ballast or a canting keel? He pointed me to an Open 30 boat that he designed in 2007. A canting keel will have greater righting moment. This is because the weight of the bulb will be much further outboard than the weight of water inside the hull. As well, a canting keel can be significantly lighter than a fixed keel, reducing the weight of the boat as a whole. His very simple Open 30 design has a 750 kg keel (lead bulb & high ductile strength iron fin). The cant is controlled by a block and tackle system with 6:1 purchase and lines running back to the cockpit and through jammers. When tacking, the line is eased down. Suddenly dropping the keel would result in damage. If a rush tack was required, the keel could be pulled up from the low side using the winch in moderate winds. Referring to the Open 30 “OverProof”, which has a canting keel and dagger boards, Geoff commented that the owner is overjoyed with the performance and the way that the foils “talk to each other.” He felt that would be an ideal boat for singlehanded sailing. But then again, it would probably just be better to buy a new boat. Perhaps one day, when my little Foolish Muse has past her prime and I'm really bored in the winter, I'll take a reciprocating saw and start to make changes.
  11. Foolish

    DSS Foil Why did Wild Oats stop using it?

    When I wrote my singlehanded tips book I specifically interviewed Hugh Welbourne about the DSS. Here are a few of the comments he made about my Olson 30: An ultralight like my Olson 30 would benefit most from a longer span to improve righting moment. Because the boat is already so light, additional lift from chord length might not have the same payback. I asked Hugh what the DSS could achieve for my Olson 30 on a reach. Right now with a good strong wind I can get up to 9 knots for long periods of time. Hugh said that speeds of at least 15+ would be expected. This is an order of magnitude higher. He noted “The Infinity 36 will do wind speed sailing downhill. If it’s blowing 25 knots the boat will go 25 knots.” Two sail reaching is where the boat is really transformed. “Most boats just fall over. We don’t. We just keep going faster.” I asked how I would manage the foil on my Olson 30 in 25 knots of wind, sailing at 155 apparent with the big spinnaker? Hugh said that even with the boat so flat, the foil would be extended on the leeward side because it give a lot of freedom to move the boat around. “You can sail pretty much where you want to. Instead of having that tiny window where you sail the boat to keep the pace up, suddenly you find you can move it around and come up or down. It gives a WAY wider sweet spot.” Normally under these conditions, I would have to keep the boat within a tiny range of apparent wind in order to plain at 12½ knots. The DSS would allow that range to increase to 20° or more. “You can keep bearing off until the wing comes out of the water and you don’t need it. But if the speed drops you head up slightly and the board just kicks in again.” Under these conditions Hugh thinks my boat speed would jump from plaining at 12½ to “way over 18”. Then Hugh commented that adding one to an Olson 30 would require changing the mast and rigging for the increased stresses and speed.
  12. To prevent conflict, the United States must maintain the military capability to deter China by demonstrating the ability to deny the success of such aggression or impose costs so high that Beijing steps back from the brink. ... The U.S. must take urgent action to reverse this worrying trend. Maintaining and ultimately extending its military-technological edge over great-power competitors like China must become the Pentagon's highest investment priority — or it could lose that edge within the decade Do you remember when the Soviet Union collapsed and we all thought that finally the west could cut the enormous costs of the military industrial complex. Well, from the article above it's obvious that Eisenhower was just as right today as he was 60 years ago. The new cold war has started and it doesn't matter that the US already spends three times as much as China and more the the rest of the world combined. Nope! Gotta spend more. Doesn't the quote from the article above remind you exactly of Dr. Strangelove. "Mr. President, We must not allow a mine-shaft gap!"
  13. Foolish

    THE IMOCA thread, single/double handed & TOR

    It's not just the sleeping. It's the minute to minute moving around the boat. Can you imagine trying to stand and move around while driving your jeep on a road at 30-40 mph with bumps ranging from 1' to 60', for hundreds of hours on end. They won't just need a helmet. They'll need full football gear! The fact that they have completely enclosed the cockpits is proof that they have taken these boats to a new level that might be beyond human endurance. It was a dozen years ago I made the comment that racing an IMOCA 60 is more like skippering an aircraft carrier than anything we mortals would consider sailing. Today, it would be more like flying a stealth bomber in a hurricane.
  14. Foolish

    THE IMOCA thread, single/double handed & TOR

    Very interesting notes from Tip & Shaft newsletter. The boats are sooooo fast that they are unlivable. Increasingly uncomfortable un-livable boats While the top three clearly earmark themselves as contenders for victory in the Vendée Globe, all our experts question their ability to live long term with the pace, as the new ones set new levels of discomfort but also the older generation with big, new foils, they are infernal in high-speed conditions. "There are times when they can't move in the boat at all,” comments Romain Attanasio. “This time they had transitions that allowed them to relax and get out of their seats, but we'll see on the Vendée how they'll do if it lasts several days. That is going to be quite a challenge. This is almost the first time a skipper will have to slow down because he can no longer stand the ‘living’ conditions on board." What is not so obvious, according to Didier Ravon: "Four years ago, Armel finally did not foil so much in the South, but now, down there with their big foils, they're not going to be able to retract them (apart from Armel Tripon who has this option on L'Occitane)." Will the sailors agree to lift their foot off the gas? This will certainly be one of the issues of this Vendée Globe according to Jean-Yves Bernot: "These boats look very demanding: it is clear that when a guy is pushing it or not completely on it is obvious as he quickly loses 3 knots. Knowing how to manage sleep spells so as not to implode en route will become a main topic." It is something which concerns Jacques Caraes : "Medically speaking, we can go from bumps and bruising to fractures, we're going to have to be careful."
  15. Foolish

    Singlehanded Sailing podcast

    Thanks Alexa. By the way, for anyone who is looking at the stars and wondering how it all works, after 4 years of study I've come up with an innovative idea for gravity and time dilation. And it even has two direct sailing references!