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  1. equivocator

    Sizing lines and blocks

    It's been awhile since I gave this much thought, but things had evolved to the point where everything was rope, no wire anymore.... On the 35-footer I sailed back in the 00s, we used 12-strand for everything that had static loading, which meant the halyards and sheets. Now, I would include the tack line on A-sails in that category. The primary concern was elongation under static loading. For that reason, we used 3/8" (approx 8 mm.) for the jib, main and spinnaker halyards, with cover added in the part that will be handled by the crew. This was before dyneema hit the market, and we used low-stretch technora for the jib and main halyards, and lighter weight low-stretch spectra for the spinnaker halyards and topping lift, all with polyester covers. We milked the polyester cover onto the 12-strand core, with a "slug" of smaller line inside the core in the way of the jammers. The covers were also sewn to the core in the way of the jammers, and we had 2/1 on the main halyard to reduce the halyard loading and resulting stretch. (That meant the deadend on the halyard was shacked to the masthead crane, which meant we had to send a man to the masthead to take the halyard down.) For main and jib sheets, we also used Technora 12 strand with poly cover milked on to the area of the winches. The mainsheet had a tapered polyester tail to reduce weight and drag in the blocks in the part of the line that wasn't ever heavily loaded. These lines took time to make, but they were inexpensive, worked well, and lasted a long time. We took the lines out of the rig between races, which eliminated most UV aging, which is the real enemy of rope on a boat. Alternatively, the halyards can be sky-ed, which puts most of the working part of the line inside the mast, with the tails coiled to the mast exits and stored in a dark-colored sail bag to protect them from UV. A bit of a hassle, but it will keep your halyards in "like new" condition for a long time. Sizes were picked based on stretch and handling characteristics, since these lines were plenty strong enough to resist dynamic loads. But on a race boat, a couple of inches of stretch can change sail shape a significant amount, and the halyard stretches - and gets looser - in the puffs, which is the opposite of what you want. So stretch is the primary factor to plan around, with handling a close second. Because stretch is so important, I don't think "weakest link" thinking will play a part in this planning, since the sail will almost always be the weakest part of the system, and it doesn't help if the halyard breaks and the sail drops into the water, or if the halyards and sheets stretch so much that the boat cannot sail efficiently. One reason to use spectra for the spinny halyards is that it does stretch a bit when the load increases, which reduces dynamic loading on the sail. It is also lighter.
  2. equivocator

    Are Float Coats Better?

    Don't bother with the float coat, it is bulky, stiff, too warm and ungainly, isn't waterproof, and doesn't fit well under FW gear. Plus it will float up under your arms if you wind up in the water. Lots of experienced sailors like to wear a light-weight jacket like a Patagonia puff-top under FW gear. They are light, not bulky, and breathe well. I wear a Lands End Squall jacket under my FW top, over a Patagonia capilene zip-collar base layer and lightweight fleece second layer. You will need to wear a safety harness at night or in inclement weather, and it is just as easy to wear a safety harness with a built-in USCG approved PFD. That way, you will have full mobility, and be able to tailor warmth to the existing conditions by adding or removing layers. Below the waist, I wear knitted polyester mountain climbing pants or fleece pants in cold weather, sometimes over capilene long underwear, depending on temperature.
  3. That said, would get the Asym, and begin the transition to more modern sail shapes, being mindful that you want to avoid any penalties, if possible.
  4. A few years ago, I sailed on a boat that used Syms in lighter air, and Asyms in heavier air. That was in SoCal, and there was no penalty for the asym, but the tack line location was limited by the pole length. For the asym, we used a 2/1 tack line, 2 sheets attached to the clew, and 2 guys attached to a Peace Ring. The same lines were used for the sym, but attached in normal fashion, with the tack line attached to the pole as a downhaul. To jibe the asym, we detached the pole from the mast and moved the butt aft (on the lee side) to allow the beak to clear behind the headstay. Sym was jibed using normal dip pole. Over time, we decided the syms were not fast, and went to an all-asym configuration. The asyms proved faster because the sails could be shaped to perform efficiently as a foil, which is not as possible with the syms. because both sides of the sail are required to function both as luff and leach. As I recall, they came to the same conclusion in the ACC class.
  5. equivocator

    Full Main + HW Jib?

    OPB, but lots of them over the decades. Nelson 43, Farr 58, Frers 82, Frers 53, SC 70, R/P 50, Peterson 43, etc. Both masthead and frac rigs.
  6. equivocator

    Full Main + HW Jib?

    In my experience, #4 and full main is faster and more weatherly than #3 and a reef. Also, easier on the mainsail. Don't forget to use the weather sheet to cross-haul the jib, also. Once the #4 is set, you can reef away, as necessary. Use mast bend to flatten the mainsail, so you can let it twist without flogging.
  7. equivocator

    Importing used boats from Europe to the U.S.

    Shipping is the difficult and expensive part. I once sailed a British boat from Cowes to Rotterdam, where it was loaded into an unused hold of a bulk carrier used to carry nitrates from Tampa to Rotterdam that was returning empty. Used a container crane to pull the mast and the boat was then loaded into a premade cradle in the hold, and tied down using welded tie-downs purposely installed for that purpose. We wrapped up the mast and rigging, and put it on blocks in the hold beside the boat. I also raced on a 50' boat shipped from Sydney to San Francisco whose mast was accidently offloaded and left on the pier in Fiji. We got the mast in LA the day before the series started, got things together, and managed to sail the regatta, but not nearly as successfully as we had hoped. My understanding is that you will be required to pay import duty and comply with USCG Regulations regarding equipment on US vessels (e.g., lifejactes, lights, holding tank), but most states do not require more, You should check state regs re payment of use tax (the "sales tax" paid by the buyer for used items), since it varies from state to state and may be waived if you owned the boat for long enough before bringing it to its final location. In California, the time period is now one year, but in the past, it has been as little as 90 days.
  8. equivocator

    Are Mount Gay Rum Hats Cool?

    MG hat from ancient race = cool, esp. if faded to pink and Transpac, or similar race. 2018 local dipsh*t regatta, not so much. Best ever MG giveaway is the hat leash with nylon MG ribbon and SS alligator clips on each end. Makes it possible to wear a cap long enough for it to get some age on it.
  9. equivocator

    Someone has been naughty!

    Ed should save his crocodile tears on this one. The rules clearly require a report to World Sailing when a competitor is penalized for breaking rule 69, and give WS authority to penalize a competitor when indicated And while there may have been instances of lousy interpretations and wrongful penalties in the past, in this case, the jury found that Martinez broke the rules and then lied about it. Martinez Decision This is not the first time a penalty of this kind has been imposed. Readers may remember the controversy when the America's Cup IJ found that Oracle had made illegal changes to its AC-45 catamarans.Several Oracle sailors, including the wing trimmer, were suspended after that controversy. AC Catamaran Cheating Controversy Ed suggests that he is surprised no one has reported him. Attentive readers will remember that a local yacht club "banished" Ed by refusing his entry in one of their local races after Ed made loud, disruptive (and humorous) comments during the trophy presentation. But as far as I know, Ed is not a cheater, and does not deliberately break the rules. IMO, that puts Martinez's conduct in a different category.
  10. equivocator

    What jib halyard should I get

    And if the halyard is covered, don't forget to stitch the cover to the core in the way of the stoppers and winches.
  11. equivocator

    What jib halyard should I get

    Allene, no matter what you do, your halyards will benefit from protection from sun and weather. In a perfect world, this means pulling them out of the spar and leaving messengers to take the brunt of these natural enemies. Otherwise, if you have internal halyards, you can 'sky' the halyards and then put the tails in a bag. Of course, the halyards will get more protection if the protective bag is hung as close to the mast exits as possible. Although the train has left the station on halyard selection, I would have suggested 12-strand braided Vectran for the jib and main halyards, with a milked-on braided polyester cover from a double braid polyester line. That avoids the static-load, elongation issue of a highly-loaded spectra halyard. This kind of halyard worked great on a Schock 35 I sailed on a couple of decades ago, in-expensive, low stretch and easy handling. On that boat, I used spectra 12 strand for the core of our spinnaker halyards, on the theory that a small amount of stretch would reduce shock loading on the kite.
  12. equivocator

    Engine off at start?

    tjsocal said, "So I think there's general agreement that in the U.S., World Sailing RRS supercedes COLREGS between boats that are racing. For example, a leeward boat is stand-on vessel under COLREGS and is obligated to maintain course & speed, and windward is obligated to maneuver as necessary to avoid collision. But if windward & leeward are racing, leeward has right of way and may alter course, including alterations that may increase risk of collision, and windward must keep clear." In point of fact, that is the law throughout the US. Here's the legal decision.: Juno v. Endeavour This applies to most sports, although the decision relates specifically to sailing.
  13. equivocator

    Santa Barbara to King Habor 2018

    There is usually more wind along the Malibu coast west of Pt. Dume, so smart money is to jibe early after passing Anacapa, and then boogie in toward the coast on port. Jibe again when you reach the layline to Pt. Dume., then stay either take a short jibe or stay on starboard into SM Bay, and jibe again when you are close to the layline for the KH entrance buoy.
  14. equivocator

    The world needs more 69, snowflake time

    Remember that a "complaint" under R69 is not a "protest," it is a "report," and it is then up to the PC to decide what to do, if anything. In many instances, it is immediately obvious that no penalty would apply to the alleged misconduct, in which case many juries will contact the competitor and take action to caution the miscreant in order to avoid any repetition. Right now, the favored approach in the US seems to be to appoint a member of the jury to investigate the claim, talk to everyone involved, and determine if witnesses will be available to testify about what happened. If they will not, the whole issue may die. However, the cautionary effect of a hearing cannot be overstated, even if it does not result in any penalties.
  15. equivocator

    The world needs more 69, snowflake time

    CaptnJoe and Katydid are correct that R69 should only apply to misconduct by a competitor that is connected with his (rarely her) participation in a regatta. Of course, that can include social gatherings that are also part of an event. Otherwise, it is up to a club to control the conduct of members and guests on its premises or at its events, as the RBYC example demonstrates. A member of a local club received a one-year suspension from the club after calling another member a "cock-sucking mother fucker" during a verbal altercation in the club's dining area when other members were present, and members have been permanently excluded or thrown out of other clubs around here in recent years for other kinds of misconduct. Published decisions of R69 decisions can be found on the World Sailing website for those interested enough to investigate the kinds of misconduct that can lead to penalties. There are also some decisions on the CAAS website for situations where a PC or OA over-reacted. One decision from the WS website that I particularly remember involved a German woman who cold-cocked another (female) competitor in the bar during an event. She was kicked out of sailing for a year, as I recall.