Not to get in an argument over politics, and not trying to say what the minimum wage should be or not be...but just some observations.
If you raise the cost of labor, either the end product will also cost more or the labor force will be reduced to preserve some level of profitability. Probably both. So some folks get laid off, and the cost of the product goes up some...problem with that is American's have overwhelming shown they will buy the less expensive version of most consumer goods. Hence all the Walmarts with Chinese built stuff in them. So if you raise the cost of goods in America by raising wages, people will tend to buy even less of that product. Yes there are lots of individual examples that might counter this, but in general this holds true.
On taxes there are two questions. In general we all derive the same benefits from the government. Roads, bridges, national defense, etc. Why should one American pay a lot for that, and one pay nothing?
Secondly, the other question is how do we address the issue of the 40% or so of the population that pays essentially no income tax voting for representatives (at the local, state, and national level) who campaign to increase the benefits to those people, even though they pay none of the taxes that provide for those benefits?
I'm not suggesting that we not provide a safety net, and help those less fortunate. The question is how much help and for how long. The challenge is what is affordable, and where should we cut to pay for it? Because right now as a country, were not really paying for it....