Peter Goldmark, inventor of the LP record, was born 116 years ago today.
Goldmark was a German-Hungarian engineer who, during his time with Columbia Records, was instrumental in developing the long-playing microgroove 33-1/3 rpm phonograph disc. For two generations, it became the standard for incorporating multiple or lengthy recorded works on a single disc.
The LP was introduced by Columbia's Goddard Lieberson in 1948. Lieberson was later president of Columbia Records from 1956–71 and 1973–75.
On November 22, 1977, President Jimmy Carter presented Goldmark with the National Medal of Science "for contributions to the development of the communication sciences for education, entertainment, culture and human service."
Goldmark died in an automobile accident on December 7, 1977 in Westchester County, New York.