Malizia did not get the foils from Sam, they are identical to hers though. See following autotranslated excerpt from an respective article in German Yacht magazine:I think it's only logical that the request is granted. I doubt there is advantage being gained here, unless someone knows for sure that the old set is better suited to southern ocean. Even then it wouldn't be intentional as the damage will be clear to prove.
Malizia also swapped out foils late before the start due to damage. Assume they were not repairable and Innovation Couer will get a new set off the production line since it was there's that went to Malizia.
This is obviously cutting edge technology here, no one has pushed a foiling imoca like this leg3 is going to. Maybe they all need to be engineered a bit beefier by regulation?
Assume a set of foils is not cheap, but probably more availability and time that prevents you having 2 sets. Not sure how much has changed and how many manufacturers there are,
Anatomy of the foils, how are IMOCA foils made?_ Discovery of the manufacture of IMOCa foils with the meeting of Luc Talbourdet, manager of the company Avel Robotics which produces these foils in a fully robotized way.www.boatsnews.com
"Due to the closest visual proximity, speculation that it was the foils of Sam Davies' "Initiatives Cœur 4" was not long in coming. And they are indeed on the right track. The design is exactly the same, but they are not Davies' foils. Instead, they were intended for a sister ship that has not yet been completed (skipper and boat will be made public during boot Düsseldorf) and are thus completely new.
"Initiatives Cœur 4" is considered lighter compared to Boris Herrmann's deliberately solidly designed and built boat - quite a decisive factor in the choice of profiles. In addition, the two Imocas and thus also the foils come from two different designers. This is astonishing, but there was no alternative, because there is simply no current Imoca from the same design office. While "Malizia - Seaexplorer" was created at VPLP according to Herrmann's special ideas, Sam Davies' boat is a design by Sam Manuard, more precisely a modified replica of "Bureau Vallée" (ex. "l'Occitane")."
And yes, if the foils suffered damage it is ok if 11th is allowed to switch. In such case they should stay with the new foils until the end of the race though. The smaller foils might be favorable in the SO leg and switching back to repaired bigger foils after the leg would seem a bit odd to me. But I don't know what the rules say.