The pointy things on the bow are bridle catchers, or at least they were for the 200 or so cats and traps I did on the Midway. Bridles were wire harnesses used to attach older style aircraft like A-4s and F-4s to the catapult. The stern featured a 4 degree glideslope.
When I was on her in the late '80s, the patch of honor was one for being on board for her infamous 26 degree roll in a typhoon. Especially notable since the Naval Architects had calculated her LPOS as 24 degrees.
We called her the USS Underway because she deployed so often.